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GCN Circular 4391

Subject
GRB051016: analysis of the XMM-Newton observation
Date
2005-12-23T20:17:20Z (18 years ago)
From
Andrea De Luca at IASF-CNR,Milano <deluca@iasf-milano.inaf.it>
Andrea De Luca (INAF/IASF, Milano) on behalf of a larger
collaboration reports:

We have analyzed the data from the XMM-Newton observation
of GRB051016, discovered by Swift on 2005, October 16 at
05:23:31 UT (Boyd et al., GCN4096).

The XMM-Newton observation started on 2005, October 16 at
13:44 UT and lasted for 29.4 ks. 

As reported by Loiseau and Perez-Martinez (GCN4101), the afterglow of
GRB051016 is clearly detected in the EPIC images and
its position is fully consistent with the refined Swift/XRT one
(Morris et al., GCN3606).

Extracting source events from a circle of 25 arcsec radius
(containing ~80% of the total counts), the time-averaged,
background-subtracted count rate in the 0.5-8 keV range
is 0.028+/-0.001 cts/s, 0.0092+/-0.0006 cts/s and 0.0100+/-0.0006
cts/s in the pn, MOS1 and MOS2 cameras, respectively.

The afterglow is seen to fade along the XMM-Newton
observation, spanning the time range 30.0-59.4 ks after
the GRB. The pn background-subtracted light curve (0.5-8 keV)
is well fitted (reduced chi2=1.0, 7 d.o.f.) by a power law 
decay with index delta=0.9+/-0.3 (90% c.l.). 
The observed afterglow decay is consistent with the XRT
results (Beardmore et al., GCN4100).

We extracted the time-averaged spectra and generated ad-hoc
response and effective area files for the pn, MOS1 and MOS2 
cameras. The spectra were fitted simultaneously.
Unless otherwise specified, we quote errors at 90% level for 
a single interesting parameter.

A fit in the energy range 0.5-8 keV with an absorbed power 
law model yields an unacceptable reduced chi2 of 2.5 for 26 d.o.f.,
The resulting NH=(3.0+/-0.2)x10^21 cm^-2 is somewhat higher than 
the expected Galactic value in the burst direction (NH=1.1x10^21
cm^-2, Dickey & Lockman, 1990); the best fitting power law photon 
index is Gamma=2.6+/-0.3.

A better fit may be obtained fixing the NH to the Galactic 
value and adding a redshifted neutral absorber. This yields a
reduced chi2 of 1.74 for 25 d.o.f. The intrinsic gas column 
density and the redshift are not well constrained owing to their
strong correlation. The best fit values are: intrinsic 
NH=6.7x10^22 cm^-2, z=4.1. At 90% confidence level for 2 parameters,
the intrinsic NH is larger than 5x10^21 cm^-2 and the redshift 
is larger than 0.8. The best fit value of the power law photon index 
is Gamma=2.5+/-0.2. The observed flux (0.5-8 keV) is of 7.6x10^-14
erg cm^-2 s^-1, corresponding to an unabsorbed flux of
1.1x10^-13 erg cm^-2 s^-1.
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