Skip to main content
Testing. You are viewing the public testing version of GCN. For the production version, go to
New Announcement Feature, Code of Conduct, Circular Revisions. See news and announcements

GCN Circular 4265

GRB 051109A Milagro GeV/TeV Observations
2005-11-11T22:18:05Z (19 years ago)
Pablo Saz Parkinson at UCSC/Milagro <>
Pablo Saz Parkinson (UC Santa Cruz) on behalf of the Milagro collaboration

We have searched Milagro data for emission at GeV/TeV energies from GRB
051109A (GCN Circ 4213, G. Tagliaferri et al.), during the burst duration
(36 s) reported by the Swift team (GCN Circ 4217, E. Fenimore et al.).
No evidence for prompt GeV/TeV emission was found. A preliminary analysis,
assuming a differential photon spectral index of -2.4, gives an upper
limit on E^2dN/dE at 99% confidence of:

E^2dN/dE at 2.5 TeV < 8.4 * 10^(-8) erg cm^(-2) (No EBL absorption assumed)

The spectrum of the host galaxy of the proposed afterglow of GRB 051109A
implies a redshift of 2.346 (GCN Circ 4221, R. Quimby et al.). TeV photons
are attenuated by pair production with infrared photons in intergalactic
space so we also calculate upper limits assuming different extragalactic
infrared background light (EBL) absorption models, one by Kneiske et al.
2004 (A&A 413, 807) and one by Primack et al. 2005 (AIP Conf. Proc. 745,
p.  23).  We find 99% confidence level upper limits on E^2dN/dE of:

E^2dN/dE at 55 GeV < 1.7 * 10^(-3) erg cm^(-2) (Primack et al. EBL model)
E^2dN/dE at 60 GeV < 2.3 * 10^(-4) erg cm^(-2) (Kneiske et al. EBL model)

The energies quoted represent the approximate median energy of the events
that would be detected assuming a power law spectrum with differential
index -2.4 convolved with each of the absorption models. These upper
limits are preliminary and will be refined with further analysis.
Looking for U.S. government information and services? Visit